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By Kirwin R. Shaffer

This pathbreaking research examines the novel Left in Puerto Rico from the ultimate years of Spanish colonial rule into the Twenties. Positioning Puerto Rico in the context of a local anarchist community that stretched from Puerto Rico and Cuba to Tampa, Florida, and ny urban, Kirwin R. Shaffer illustrates how anarchists associated their fight to the wider overseas anarchist struggles opposed to faith, governments, and commercial capitalism. Their teams, speeches, and press accounts--as good because the newspapers that they published--were important in assisting to strengthen an anarchist imaginative and prescient for Puerto Ricans at a time while the island used to be a political no-man's-land, neither an respectable U.S. colony or nation nor an self reliant country.
Exploring the increase of artisan and worker-based facilities to advance classification attention, Shaffer follows the island's anarchists as they carefully joined the AFL-linked Federación Libre de Trabajadores, the biggest hard work association in Puerto Rico. Critiquing the union from inside, anarchists labored with reformers whereas carrying on with to pursue a extra radical time table completed by way of direct motion instead of parliamentary politics. Shaffer additionally strains anarchists' alliances with freethinkers trying to reform schooling, innovative factions engaged in attacking the Church and arranged faith, and the rising Socialist flow at the island within the 1910s.
The such a lot profitable anarchist association to emerge in Puerto Rico, the Bayamón bloc based El Comunista, the longest-running, so much financially winning anarchist newspaper within the island's historical past. Stridently attacking U.S. militarism and interventionism within the Caribbean Basin, the newspaper came upon growing to be distribution all through and monetary backing from Spanish-speaking anarchist teams within the usa. Shaffer demonstrates how the U.S. govt specified the Bayamón anarchists through the purple Scare and compelled the closure in their newspaper in 1921, successfully unraveling the anarchist circulation at the island.

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Additional info for Black Flag Boricuas: Anarchism, Antiauthoritarianism, and th eLeft in Puerto Rico, 1897-1921

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Small shops began to disappear as the ATC built new multistory factories. 13 Such acts of resistance and self-preservation were nothing new in the global artisan world. Throughout Europe and North America, artisans had long fought to preserve their autonomy and secure their livelihoods. As did their comrades in Cuba and elsewhere, anarchist-influenced Puerto Rican activists and workers blended the ideas of international anarchism with the local tradition of parejería. 5 percent during this time.

As a result, cigar production soared, as did ATC control over the tobacco industry. In fact, by 1909, 79 percent of the island’s tobacco value was controlled by the ATC. S. rule and capital investment. As cigar rollers lost their autonomy and became proletarianized, they changed their 28 chapter 1 interests to be more sympathetic to the plight of rank-and-file wage laborers. Some brought anarchist ideas and critiques of the United States and the Trust to fellow workers. S. 15 While anarchist ideas existed on the island in the 1890s and would be espoused by activists in the coming decades, anarchism was only one of several socialistic tendencies among the island’s workers.

I received in my adolescence the first influences of that modern, philosophically revolutionary libertarian spirit of the workshop. ”17 By the age of fourteen, he was apprenticing as a cabinetmaker and carpenter while visiting local workers centers. There, he read revolutionary works by Francisco Pi y Margall, Élisée Reclus, and other radicals. He also claimed that he began to see the United States as “the greatest example of freedom, democracy, and justice” in the world. 18 The same year of his teenage “radicalization” and growing fondness for America, Iglesias boarded a ship bound for Havana.

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