By Prof. Dr. George A. Olah, Dr. Alain Goeppert, Prof. Dr. G. K. Surya Prakash(auth.)
The international is at present eating approximately eighty five million barrels of oil an afternoon, and approximately two-thirds as a lot common gasoline an identical, either derived from non-renewable average resources. within the foreseeable destiny, our power wishes will come from any on hand trade resource. Methanol is one such manageable replacement, and in addition deals a handy resolution for effective power garage on a wide scale.
In this up to date and enlarged variation, well known chemists speak about in a transparent and without difficulty available demeanour the professionals and cons of humankind's present major power assets, whereas delivering new how one can triumph over obstacles.
Following an advent, the authors examine the interrelationship of fuels and effort, and on the quantity of our non-renewable fossil fuels. in addition they speak about the hydrogen economic climate and its major shortcomings. the focus is at the conversion of CO2 from business in addition to typical resources into liquid methanol and similar DME, a diesel gas replacement that could substitute LNG and LPG. The publication is rounded off with an positive examine destiny percentages.
A forward-looking and encouraging paintings that vividly illustrates strength strategies to our strength and environmental problems.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–10):
Chapter 2 historical past of Coal within the business Revolution and past (pages 11–17):
Chapter three historical past of Petroleum Oil and typical fuel (pages 19–28):
Chapter four Fossil gas assets and Their Use (pages 29–53):
Chapter five Diminishing Oil and traditional gasoline Reserves (pages 55–63):
Chapter 6 the ongoing desire for Carbon Fuels, Hydrocarbons and their items (pages 65–76):
Chapter 7 Fossil Fuels and weather swap (pages 77–89):
Chapter eight Renewable power assets and Atomic strength (pages 91–142):
Chapter nine The Hydrogen economic climate and its barriers (pages 143–178):
Chapter 10 The “Methanol Economy”: normal features (pages 179–184):
Chapter eleven Methanol and Dimethyl Ether as Fuels and effort companies (pages 185–231):
Chapter 12 creation of Methanol: From Fossil Fuels and Bio?Sources to Chemical Carbon Dioxide Recycling (pages 233–278):
Chapter thirteen Methanol?Based chemical compounds, man made Hydrocarbons and fabrics (pages 279–288):
Chapter 14 Conclusions and Outlook (pages 289–295):
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Additional info for Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy, Second Edition
Quality of coal can vary widely from one region to another. The classiﬁcation depends mainly on caloric value, carbon and water content, which itself depends on the degree of maturity of a given coal deposit. Initially, peat (the precursor of coal) is converted into lignite or brown coal – both coaltypes with low organic maturity. With exposure to high pressures and temperatures over millions of years, lignite is progressively transformed into sub-bituminous coal. Lignite and sub-bituminous coal are lower grades of coals that contain higher concentrations of water.
The recent level of oil prices is already prompting renewed interest in oil shale [57–59].
According to the legend, a goat herdsman came across what looked like a burning spring, a ﬂame rising from a ﬁssure in the rock. The Greeks, believing it to be of divine origin, built a temple over the ﬂame. This temple housed a priestess, who was known as the Oracle of Delphi, giving out prophecies claimed to be inspired by the ﬂame. Such ﬂames became prominent in the religions of India, Greece and Persia. Since the origin of these ﬁres could not be explained, they were often regarded as divine or supernatural.