Download Between Europe and Asia : The Origins, Theories, and by Mark Bassin, Sergey Glebov, Marlene Laruelle PDF

By Mark Bassin, Sergey Glebov, Marlene Laruelle

"Between Europe and Asia" analyzes the origins and improvement of Eurasianism, an highbrow circulate that proclaimed the lifestyles of Eurasia, a separate civilization coinciding with the previous Russian Empire. The essays within the quantity discover the historic roots, the heyday of the circulation within the Nineteen Twenties, and the afterlife of the stream within the Soviet and post-Soviet sessions. the 1st learn to provide a multifaceted account of Eurasianism within the 20th century and to the touch at the movement's highbrow entanglements with heritage, politics, literature, or geography, this ebook additionally explores Eurasianism's impacts past Russia.
The Eurasianists mixed their look for a primordial essence of Russian tradition with the radicalism of Europe's interwar interval. In response to the devastation and dislocation of the wars and revolutions, they celebrated the Orthodox Church and the Asian connections of Russian tradition, whereas rejecting Western individualism and democracy. The move sought to articulate a non-European, non-Western modernity and to underscore Russia's position within the colonial international. because the authors display, Eurasianism was once such as many fascist events in interwar Europe and has now develop into one of many assets of the rhetoric of nationalist mobilization in Vladimir Putin's Russia.

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Additional resources for Between Europe and Asia : The Origins, Theories, and Legacies of Russian Eurasianism

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To prove this thesis, he shifted his focus from China and Persia—customary emblems of the Orient—to Russia’s own East and embarked on a reevaluation of the entire trajectory of Russian history. The “Barbarian” Dimension of Russian Socialism As early as From the Other Shore (1847–1850)—a collection of essays written in response to the 1848 catastrophes—he draws a parallel between the degradation of contemporary Europe and the twilight of the Roman Empire. In the first centuries of the Common Era, savage Teutonic tribes conquered the cultured and educated but depraved Romans—and at that point the stream of history carved a new channel.

86 It was also 42 Vera Tolz based on a highly hierarchical view of cultures, with its unquestioned sense of the superiority of Orthodoxy and European culture. At the same time, in the 1870s, another set of arguments was articulated in favor of strengthening the empire through the complementarity of local and pan-state identities, now imagined as broadly cultural and civic rather than religious. These new ideas were first voiced in relation to the Russian population. 88 Originally articulated most vocally by intellectuals in Siberia and the provinces of European Russia in relation to the Russian-speaking population rather than the minorities, the concept was based on the assumption that in order to foster a sense of national loyalty to the entire state-framed community, one should first develop a thorough knowledge of and love for the history and cultural tradition of one’s place of birth and permanent residence.

As Herzen develops his notion of barbarism, he increasingly insists on linking together the Russian people and their Asiatic neighbors (and often former conquerors). Thus he began to place these combined masses—the Russian and non-Russian peoples of the Romanov Empire—on a low rung of the civilizational ladder, thereby suggesting that together they represented a historical force that would transform the world. ” To understand the provocative nature of this identification of Russia with the Turanians and to grasp Herzen’s objective in employing this construct, it is important to bear in mind that in the 1850s–1860s identifying Russia with Asia was an instrument of anti-Russian propaganda used by the leaders of the Polish independence movement.

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