By Julie Castonguay
Social benchmarking is an evaluate technique within which the functionality degrees of alternative public social courses are in comparison, both quite to one another or to an absolute worth. the 1st a part of this learn discusses using social benchmarking for the overview of energetic labour industry regulations. This half additionally develops a social benchmark version, that are used to evaluate the functionality of energetic labour marketplace guidelines more often than not, and work-based employment courses in particular. the second one a part of this study includes the particular benchmarking of the work-based employment courses in 5 international locations: Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the uk
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Additional resources for Benchmarking Carrots and Sticks: developing a model for the evaluation of work-based employment programs
Input indicators (what is put in place for the policy to perform its task), for example: - objectives - target groups - legislative framework - social security system: division of responsibilities - resources: budgets, human resources and infrastructure This set of objectives, laws and resources will then determine the second step in the policy chain: the process of the policy. It answers the question of how the program is delivering its public services. This process can be said to have two levels.
This is due to the fact that to be able to choose program-level process indicators, it is necessary to know the nature of the determinants of success and failure of work-based employment programs. Process indicators (how are the policies delivering their programs) Organisational-level processes: - mode of governance: privatisation and performance pay Program-level processes: - Determinants of success and failure of micro-level interventions Using the input, the process “makes” the output, the “product” of the social program.
As already mentioned, most evaluations focus on a micro-perspective and look at the impact different reintegration instruments have on single individuals. These types of studies simply evaluated separate instruments of a policy programme, by comparing its measurable outcomes to the policy goals. The major critique was that these studies treated policy formation and implementation as a black box, neglecting to take into account the interaction of different instruments and neglecting to consider the cumulative impacts of all instruments of a program (Meager and Evans, 1997).