Download Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel by Edna Bonacich PDF

By Edna Bonacich

In a research the most important to our figuring out of yankee social inequality, Edna Bonacich and Richard Appelbaum examine the go back of sweatshops to the attire undefined, particularly in l. a.. The "new" sweatshops, they are saying, must be understood by way of the decline within the American welfare nation and its powerful unions and the increase in worldwide and versatile creation. clothing brands now have the inducement to maneuver construction to anywhere low-wage hard work are available, whereas holding arm's-length contractual family members that shield them from accountability. The flight of the has resulted in an incredible upward push in clothing imports to the U.S. and to a decline in employment.

Los Angeles, in spite of the fact that, continues to be a confusing exception in that its employment has endured to develop, to the purpose the place L.A. is the most important heart of clothing construction within the kingdom. not just the provision of low-wage immigrant (often undocumented) employees but in addition the focal point on reasonably priced, fashion-sensitive women's put on makes this attainable. Behind the Label examines the avid gamers within the L.A. clothing undefined, together with brands, shops, contractors, and staff, comparing the maldistribution of wealth and tool. The authors discover govt and union efforts to eliminate sweatshops whereas proscribing the flight to Mexico and in other places, and so they finish with an outline of the becoming antisweatshop movement.

Los Angeles occasions most sensible Nonfiction booklet of 2000

Show description

Read or Download Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel Industry PDF

Similar labor & industrial relations books

Employment Policy and the Regulation of Part-time Work in the European Union: A Comparative Analysis

Part-time paintings has been the quickest growing to be of all sorts of "non-standard" paintings. All member states of the ecu Union have given expanding consciousness to its law over the last zone century. This e-book examines the impact of eu neighborhood ideas and techniques at the improvement by way of member states in their rules in the direction of part-time employment.

Why Women Earn Less: How to Make What You're Really Worth

The startling fact is that the common 25-year-old lady will earn part one million funds below her male counterpart over the process her occupation. Under-earning is an insidious challenge with mental roots that run deep. fortunately, there is support. This publication is a realistic, step by step consultant for under-earning girls who're able to flip their lives round.

Land of Plenty: Oklahomans in the Cotton Fields of Arizona, 1933-1942

Land Of lots: Oklahomans In Cotton Fields Of Arizona 1933-1942 via Weisiger, Marsha L.

Life and Labor in the New New South

“Zieger has performed it back! during this quantity, he has positioned his finger at the pulse of the main fascinating present paintings within the box. somebody who doubts that the South continues to be a particular area, or who thinks that ‘southern exertions’ has turn into an oxymoron, might be chastened through the scholarship during this compelling assortment.

Extra info for Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel Industry

Sample text

In Figure 4 apparel employment in the United States and in Los Angeles are compared. Los Angeles paralleled the United States decline during the early 1980s, but then broke away from the national pattern and continued to grow while the apparel industry employment nationwide continued to decline. The discrepancy is even clearer in Figure 5. More people are employed in the apparel industry in Los Angeles County than anywhere else in the nation, more than in New York, and far more than in any other center.

Bonacich, Behind the Label 2/14/00 5:42 AM Page 13 INTRODUCTION 13 Their hours and quotas, like those of piece-rate workers, are determined by the shifting demands of their manufacturers; at the height of the season or if they are producing a hot fashion item, they are required to work long hours. During a lull, they are laid off and go unpaid. It is out of such a system of contracting out that the sweatshop is born. 16 The idea that smaller factories, making specialized goods for an everchanging market, means that workers are better trained and have more responsibility has not worked out for most garment workers.

With all the firms related to the industry clustered together in a single location, a substantial cumulative effect results. 22 The garment industry is central to the Los Angeles economy and has emerged as the largest manufacturing employer in the county. Apparel employment overtook electronic equipment in 1988, instruments and related products two years later, and transportation equipment (which includes aircraft and parts, missiles and spacecraft, and instruments and related parts) in 1994. In 1983 apparel accounted for 8 percent of all manufacturing employment; by 1997 its share had more than doubled, to 18 percent.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 17 votes