By Edna Bonacich
Los Angeles, in spite of the fact that, continues to be a confusing exception in that its employment has endured to develop, to the purpose the place L.A. is the most important heart of clothing construction within the kingdom. not just the provision of low-wage immigrant (often undocumented) employees but in addition the focal point on reasonably priced, fashion-sensitive women's put on makes this attainable. Behind the Label examines the avid gamers within the L.A. clothing undefined, together with brands, shops, contractors, and staff, comparing the maldistribution of wealth and tool. The authors discover govt and union efforts to eliminate sweatshops whereas proscribing the flight to Mexico and in other places, and so they finish with an outline of the becoming antisweatshop movement.
Los Angeles occasions most sensible Nonfiction booklet of 2000
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Extra info for Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel Industry
In Figure 4 apparel employment in the United States and in Los Angeles are compared. Los Angeles paralleled the United States decline during the early 1980s, but then broke away from the national pattern and continued to grow while the apparel industry employment nationwide continued to decline. The discrepancy is even clearer in Figure 5. More people are employed in the apparel industry in Los Angeles County than anywhere else in the nation, more than in New York, and far more than in any other center.
Bonacich, Behind the Label 2/14/00 5:42 AM Page 13 INTRODUCTION 13 Their hours and quotas, like those of piece-rate workers, are determined by the shifting demands of their manufacturers; at the height of the season or if they are producing a hot fashion item, they are required to work long hours. During a lull, they are laid off and go unpaid. It is out of such a system of contracting out that the sweatshop is born. 16 The idea that smaller factories, making specialized goods for an everchanging market, means that workers are better trained and have more responsibility has not worked out for most garment workers.
With all the firms related to the industry clustered together in a single location, a substantial cumulative effect results. 22 The garment industry is central to the Los Angeles economy and has emerged as the largest manufacturing employer in the county. Apparel employment overtook electronic equipment in 1988, instruments and related products two years later, and transportation equipment (which includes aircraft and parts, missiles and spacecraft, and instruments and related parts) in 1994. In 1983 apparel accounted for 8 percent of all manufacturing employment; by 1997 its share had more than doubled, to 18 percent.