By T. Lachmann, A. D. Friederici, E. Witruk (auth.), Evelin Witruk, Angela D. Friederici, Thomas Lachmann (eds.)
The current e-book includes chosen contributions from the foreign convention "Basic Mechanisms of Language and Language Disorders". This convention used to be held in Leipzig in September 1999, and was once geared up via the dept of Psychology on the collage of Leipzig in collaboration with the Max-Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. It used to be held to commemorate the a hundred and twentieth anniversary of the basis of the world's first institute of experimental psychology by means of Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig. This variation examines new effects from diverse fields of psychology and neuro psychology of language, studying, and analyzing incapacity. The offered booklet makes a speciality of the subsequent major subject matters: • easy features OF LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION • uncomplicated services OF analyzing • uncomplicated features OF studying incapacity The identify "Basic features of Language, interpreting and interpreting incapacity" expresses the interdisciplinary personality of the e-book. It goals not just at bringing jointly varied theoretical methods, but additionally at connecting those methods with utilized paintings. because it is critical to appreciate simple features of language and examining with a view to comprehend interpreting incapacity, the current e-book strives to foster a systematic trade, and to advertise the emergence of synergy results among the various fields.
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Additional info for Basic Functions of Language, Reading and Reading Disability
Brain and Language, 50, 259-281. Friederici, A, Steinhauer, K. Mecklinger, A, & Meyer, M. (1998). Working memory constraints on syntactic ambiguity resolution as revealed by electrical brain responses. Biological Psychology, 47, 193-221. , & Faust, M. (1991) The role of suppression in sentence comprehension. In Simpson (Ed), Understanding word and sentence (pp. 97-128). Elsevier: North Holland. Amsterdam Hahne, A, & Friederici, A (1999). Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis: early automatic and late controlled processes.
See Swinney, 1979, 1981, 1982 for discussions of this issue). 7 Even after a "contectually relevant" meaning of a lexical ambiguity has been chosen during sentence processing, when the system is presented again with the homophone, ALL meanings are again momentarily accessed (Love & Swinney, 1998). 8 See Swinney, 1999; Dronkers, 1996; Friederici, 1995,among many other, for more details and discussion concerning the precise substrates typically associated with Broca's aphasia) 9 Note that this seeming immediacy of availability of "all meanings" of an ambiguous word for nonneurologically involved individuals may simply be a "relative immediacy".
3 Voltage Averaged Markers (ERPs) The voltage averaging approach characterizes the collected time series data in quantitative terms. What is the polarity of the voltages with respect to a reference electrode? How big is the amplitude of these deflections? When do these deflections take place? What is their topographic distribution? Four main markers of language processing have been identified in the literature; the ELAN, LAN, N400 and P600. They are identified by a nomenclature which refers to their polarity, post stimulus latency and topographic distribution.