By Olga Borik
Element and Reference Time investigates the temporal constitution of language. It bargains with vital matters within the realizing of annoying and element, proposes a brand new method of the most difficulties within the sector, and seeks to set up the common semantic houses of 2 vital and contentious aspectual different types, perfectivity and imperfectivity. Dr Borik develops an unique conception of element. She exhibits how this money owed for aspectual different types in Russian, and that it could used to match Russian to different languages the place comparable aspectual matters come up. She devotes specific realization to English, a language which looks to haven't any grammatical different types of perfectivity and imperfectivity. She argues that the semantic homes demonstrated for the Russian tense-aspect approach are mirrored in English, and divulges parallels within the expression of temporal and aspectual info within the languages. element and Reference Time will curiosity all students of the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of element and annoying. The author's transparent exposition and cross-linguistic strategy make it an invaluable foundation for classes at graduate point.
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Additional resources for Aspect and Reference Time
The second type of aspect is what I will call telicity aspect. The term ‘telicity aspect’ (it can also be called ‘predicational aspect’ or ‘inner aspect’) refers to the aspectual type of a predicate, which can be either telic2 or atelic. This aspectual value is derived on the basis of the information provided by a verb and its arguments. ) and Krifka (1992, 1998), who provide a compositional account of telicity. Not much work has been done on the telicity aspect in Slavic languages until recently (but see Filip 1993, 1999; Schoorlemmer 1995; Schmitt 1996).
2 Telicity and part structures: Krifka’s mereological approach Krifka’s (1989, 1992, 1998, 2001) approach to deriving aspectual properties of complex verbal predicates like eat apples or eat two apples is based on the mereological notion of part. 1. 34 The telicity approach event of eating in a gradual manner, being eaten part by part. This correspondence is reXected in a mapping relation established between the denotation of a simple verbal predicate like eat and the denotation of its nominal argument, that is apples/the apple.
Sg. sg. 18 Introduction b. sc. 30a) illustrates that byt’ patterns with the imperfective form ˇcitat’ ‘read’ and can appear in the complement position of a phase verb. 30b). 31b). The empirical data point to the conclusion that in modern Russian, the inWnitive byt’ is either imperfective or unmarked for aspect. But the interpretation of some forms of byt’ suggests that there may still be some Old Russian ‘aspectual heritage’ in these forms. My hypothesis is that the forms of byt’ with the bud-stem were, indeed, perfectives in Old Russian and therefore acquired future meaning in the non-past forms.