By Jorma Riihijärvi, Juhani Iivari (auth.), David Avison, George M. Kasper, Barbara Pernici, Isabel Ramos, Dewald Roode (eds.)
International Federation for info Processing
The IFIP sequence publishes cutting-edge ends up in the sciences and applied sciences of knowledge and verbal exchange. The scope of the sequence comprises: foundations of desktop technology; software program conception and perform; schooling; computing device functions in know-how; conversation structures; structures modeling and optimization; info structures; desktops and society; computers expertise; safety and safeguard in details processing platforms; synthetic intelligence; and human-computer interplay. court cases and post-proceedings of refereed overseas meetings in computing device technological know-how and interdisciplinary fields are featured. those effects frequently precede magazine ebook and characterize the most up-tp-date learn. The important goal of the IFIP sequence is to motivate schooling and the dissemination and alternate of data approximately all features of computing.
For additional info concerning the three hundred different books within the IFIP sequence, please stopover at www.springer.com.
For additional information approximately IFIP, please stopover at www.ifip.org.
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Additional resources for Advances in Information Systems Research, Education and Practice: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, TC 8, Information Systems, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy
2, No. 3, 2000, pp. 287-304 Klein, H. K. , The Structure of the IS Discipline Reconsidered: Implications and Reflections from a Community of Practice Perspective, Information and Organization, forthcoming Klein, H. K. , A set of principles for conducting and evaluating critical field studies in information systems, submitted, Nov. 2007. , The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1962 Maclaughlin, J. , Rationalizing knowledge: IT systems, professional identities and power, Sociological Review, 46(4), 1998, pp.
According to March and Smith (1995), “scientific interest in IT reflects assumptions that these phenomena can be explained by scientific theories and that scientific research can improve IT practice. Note, however, that there are two kinds of scientific interest in IT, descriptive and prescriptive. Descriptive research aims at understanding the nature of IT. It is knowledge-producing activity corresponding to natural science. Prescriptive research aims at improving IT performance. ” (p. 252) March and Smith (p.
One must keep in mind that, although medicine has become ever more dependent on technology it is ultimately concerned with the human body which has remained essentially the same for hundreds of thousands of years. The IT field on the con- 24 J. Iivari, R. K. Klein trary deals with a constantly evolving artificial world of IT artifacts, which are developed and applied in the artificial worlds of organizations and societies. e. the system of legal procedures, codes and precedents (Collins 1990). In the IT field, the IT experts cannot control which IT artifacts are developed and how they are applied.