By Michael Lavalette
In Britain the word, 'child labour' is linked to the earlier, with young ones going up chimneys and down mines. notwithstanding, actually British youngsters proceed to accomplish exhausting jobs, and British multinationals make the most baby staff around the globe. This e-book explores the theoretical context of kid labour study sooner than contemplating the heritage of kid labour and concluding with the current state of affairs within the united kingdom and united states.
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Extra info for A Thing of the Past?: Child Labour in Britain 1800 to the Present
The pressure on families is a consequence of the operation of the capitalist market system, rather than simply local cultural practices. International capitalism creates the problem of severe poverty and exploitation which families have to ‘solve’. As Elson notes: Parents send their children out to work in capitalist enterprises not because they have a taste for it, preferring greater family income to play or education for their children, but because they are pushed into it by the development of the capitalist system.
Second, we are left to assess when work or labour becomes ‘exploitative’. In particular we are left trying to ascertain what is meant by the term ‘exploitation’. For Grootaert and Kanbur exploitation is not used to refer to the extraction of surplus labour from workers (Wright, 1979) but, rather, how ‘bad’ we think a particular job may be on social or psychological development (and presumably the same job could have a different social or psychological impact on different workers, making it exploitative for certain people to undertake a task and not others).
This conclusion is equally valid for Britain. Thus in trying to understand and determine the social position of the child labourer in modern Britain the ‘relational aspect’ must be recognized, that is how child labour ‘fits’ within the totality of social relationships that exist within society. Essentially when children enter the labour market they do so from a disadvantaged position within the age hierarchy. The age hierarchy is a socially constructed phenomenon: ‘a system of seniority in which those in junior positions are unable to achieve full social status in their own right’ (Elson, 1982, p.