By Price V. Fishback, Shawn Everett Kantor
Employees' repayment was once arguably the 1st common social coverage software within the usa and the main profitable type of exertions laws to emerge from the early innovative move. followed in so much states among 1910 and 1920, staff' reimbursement legislation were paving visible because the method for social protection, Medicare, unemployment assurance, and at last the huge community of social welfare courses now we have today.In this hugely unique and persuasive paintings, expense V. Fishback and Shawn Everett Kantor problem frequent ancient perceptions, arguing that, instead of being an early revolutionary victory, employees' reimbursement succeeded simply because all correct parties—labor and administration, insurance firms, attorneys, and legislators—benefited from the laws. Thorough, rigorous, and convincing, A Prelude to the Welfare country: The Origins of staff' repayment is an immense reappraisal of the motives and outcomes of a stream that finally reworked the character of social coverage and the yankee office.
Read Online or Download A Prelude to the Welfare State: The Origins of Workers' Compensation (National Bureau of Economic Research Series on Long-Term Factors in Economic Dev) PDF
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Extra resources for A Prelude to the Welfare State: The Origins of Workers' Compensation (National Bureau of Economic Research Series on Long-Term Factors in Economic Dev)
We do not claim to provide a comparative analysis of workers' compensation's legislative success relative to that of social insurance programs. The book, however, does provide insights into why compensation legislation was widely accepted during the Progressive Framing the Issues 21 Era, while other programs, such as unemployment insurance, social health insurance, and old-age insurance, were dismissed. The third strand of our research considers how economic interests were translated into political outcomes.
Generally, we have found that progressive reformers had a comparatively small impact on state legislatures' decisions to adopt the general legislation for workers' compensation. In contrast, when it came to the adoption of state insurance or choosing benefit levels, the strength of political reform movements often played a decisive role. The difference stems from the attitudes of the various interest groups. A strong political reform movement was not necessary for the adoption of workers' compensation more generally because the main groups with a stake in the legislation anticipated benefits.
However, the results do suggest that given the presence of various frictions at the time it was adopted, workers' compensation appears to have been beneficial legislation for a substantial majority of the actors involved. Thus we can learn for general purposes that in a society faced with the sets of constraints that were in place around 1910, workers' compensation might well have been the optimal way to deal with workplace accidents. If workers' compensation was indeed an institutional arrangement that increased social wealth, should we expect that the program would be adopted?