By Francisco Núñez Muley
Conquered in 1492 and colonized by means of invading Castilians, town and state of Granada confronted radical adjustments imposed through its occupiers in the course of the first half the 16th century—including the pressured conversion of its local Muslim inhabitants. Written by means of Francisco N??ez Muley, one of the coerced Christian converts, this striking letter motels a clear-sighted, impassioned protest opposed to the unreasonable and strongly assimilationist legislation that required all switched over Muslims in Granada to decorate, communicate, consume, marry, have a good time gala's, and be buried precisely because the Castilian settler inhabitants did.Now on hand in its first English translation, N??ez Muley’s account is a useful instance of the way Spain’s former Muslims made lively use of the written observe to problem and overtly face up to the gradually illiberal guidelines of the Spanish Crown. well timed and resonant—given present debates pertaining to Islam, minorities, and cultural and linguistic assimilation—this version offers students in various fields with a vibrant and early instance of resistance within the face of oppression.
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Additional info for A Memorandum for the President of the Royal Audiencia and Chancery Court of the City and Kingdom of Granada
Núñez Muley’s prose style is for the most part unadorned and loosely organized, and it is fair to say that the Memorandum was not intended for wide public distribution. As for Núñez Muley himself, it is clear from the Memorandum that while he is a highly intelligent man with a significant amount of knowledge about and authority within his own community, he is not the skilled writer that other Granadan Moriscos such as Luna or Castillo were. Looked at beyond these more traditional, literary concerns of form and style, Núñez Muley’s Memorandum provides modern readers, as I have suggested above, with a fascinating and discursively complex example of the strategies of appeasement and resistance employed by those who found themselves targeted by a constellation of ostensibly Christian kingdoms (led by Castile) intent on fashioning themselves into a culturally homogeneous nation-state and world empire.
Praise the one God. My Lord, Dom Nuno, your servant Yah·yá ˛ Ta fu¯ft wishes to inform you that from the day that I arrived in this territory, I have seen no pleasure or rest either among Christians or Muslims. The Muslims say that I am a Christian, and the Christians say that I am a Muslim, and so I am caught in between not knowing what to do with myself except that which God wills . . I left my children and my wives to serve the king our lord, and while I, My Lord, run about and work outside our borders, the captain (Nuno Fernandes de Ataíde), (the royal auditor) Nuno Gato, the administrator, and others destroy me from within.
Espadadores de lino, y desolladores en el rrastro y fuera dél, y trabaxadores en partes zuzias, tales en baziar neçeçias y madres de calles donde se vienen a llegar y rrecoger las dichas zuziedades de cada calle y casas, y otras personas que trabaxan en casas, suçias y estelcoleros y enfinitas cosas tales; y todos éstos se vienen a juntar, en particular quando tienen neçeçidad para limpiar de las tales zuçidades susodichas, y otras neçeçidades. [The baths themselves are pools of filth and other such things, for the sick go to them with their various maladies and sores, as well as those who have dirty occupations such as the fisherman, the blacksmith, the coal supplier, the oil supplier, the butcher, those who mash linen to make thread, the skinners who work in the slaughterhouse and outside of it, workers in dirty places such as those who remove waste from the communal septic tanks and sewers where the filth from each street and house is collected, and others who work in dirty homes and dung heaps, and in an infinite number of other things such as those.