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By A. van Kammen (auth.), Prof. Dr. Charles H. Calisher, Prof. Dr. M. C. Horzinek (eds.)

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Extra resources for 100 Years of Virology: The Birth and Growth of a Discipline

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This will be somewhat less difficult for me since the topic of veterinary virology will be treated separately by Marian C. Horzinek. The early post-Loeffler-Frosch period The history of virology is a particularly good example of how scientific achievements are directly related to the prevailing way of thinking, and to the state of technical development, and to the methods available at that time. It also shows how the past 100 years of virology have forged new concepts and provided new insights into the history of life.

However, if we adhere to the principle of the "whig interpretation of history", which evaluates the past on the standard of its significance for the present, today all these questions appear to be of minor interest. The pioneering period Immediately realising the utmost significance of Stanley's discovery, Adolf Butenandt, who at that time worked successfully on oestrogen, made a farreaching decision. Together with F. von Wettstein and A. KUhn in 1938 he established a working group for virus research at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut fUr Biochemie in Berlin-Dahlem.

3. Richard Haas (19101988) Fig. 4. Gemot Bergold (* 1911) Gemot Bergold (Fig. 4), who left Ttibingen in 1948 for a leading position in Canada, can be very rightly regarded as the founder of biochemical insect virology. After a long period of errors in the research on inclusion body diseases of insects, in the 1940's he was able to elucidate the viral aetiology of the polyhedrosis disease of Bombyx mori and of another caterpillar disease, the granulosis disease. In both cases, he biochemically characterised the rod-like, DNA-containing viruses and discovered that they were embedded in protective, non-infectious protein structures, the so-called polyhedra [21, 22].

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